Astronomical picture Dec. 21, 2012 Unique period!
Astronomical picture Dec. 21, 2012
Raw materials for this article are taken from http://www.kamakala.com/2012.htm. The article is based on the book «Maya Cosmogenesis 2012: The True Meaning of the Maya Calendar End-Date» by John Major Jenkins, Terence McKenna.
Earth is not a perfect sphere, it is flattened at the poles and convex at the equator. As a result of unequal gravitational influence of the moon and sun, the Earth's axis varies (pretsessiya1). Period precessional oscillations of 26000 let2. Because of this the Earth's axis «points to various stars». If now the Earth's axis points to the North Star, that 5000 years ago, she pointed to the star Alpha Draconis, and 8000 years later, will point to Vega.
Precessional motion is responsible for changing the location Ravnodenstviy3 and solstices. Ancient astronomers discovered a precessional motion of the displacement of the constellations and calculated that the cycle length is from 25600 to 26000 years. This means that the Sun, which notes the Spring Equinox, appearing in the constellation of Pisces, 500 years later it would rise in the constellation Aquarius. Going through all 12 zodiac constellations, about 26000 years the sun will rise again in the constellation Pisces.
Awareness of precession of the equinoxes has caused many of the myths and legends in various ages of the world. As the displacement of the Equinox from the constellation of the constellation, the different cultures perceive it as a sign of the New Era (New Age). Period when the Sun was part of the sign of Taurus, was called the Era of Taurus, which was rising in Pisces - Age of Pisces, etc. Many terrestrial civilization knew about this series and included it in their cosmogonic and temporal concepts. Each culture reflects a slightly different interpretation and significance, but all were agreed on the importance of precession as the cycle evolution of life, affecting the development of its various forms. It symbolized the spiritual process of the unfolding of consciousness on our planet.
It is important that this belief was actually based on the astronomical cycle: every 72 sun during the solstices and equinoxes, shifts in the constellation of one degree, as the hour hand. In the Space Clock however, the movement of the index is determined by the location of the sunrise at the equinox or solstice, while the dial represented by a relatively persistent constellations of stars.
Armed with this knowledge, let's see how the cycle of precession is described in the Maya cosmology, as it relates to their calendar, and in particular with the last year in the Mayan calendar - 2012.
Of all the known ancient civilizations, the Maya had the most advanced knowledge in the field of astronomy. Moreover, they were able to project their astronomical calculations for thousands of years back and forth, they have created a cyclical calendar of Venus with an accuracy of up to one day in 500 years and a table of eclipses, functioning to this day. They calculated the solar year with up to four decimal places. To produce this impressive calculations, they created a complex system of mathematics that uses the concept of weight level and zero. Europe at this time was in the Middle Ages.
We in this article shall restrict the consideration of astronomical knowledge of the Maya as those associated with their calendar and the importance of the date of December 21, 2012.
Looking at this number, we understand that it is the date of the Winter Solstice. Let's look at this event more.
It is known that in different cultures, New Year was determined by different dates. In ancient Sumeria and Babylon, the New Year began with the vernal equinox. In Israel, the New Year is gradually shifted to the autumnal equinox, while in Northern Europe, New Year was celebrated during the Winter Solstice. We still adhere to this particular New Year's tradition, but adds a few extra days so that now our New Year begins on January 1.
In the context of this tradition, the winter solstice on Dec. 21 was celebrated as the birthday of the Sun. This - the longest night of the year and the shortest day of the year, which represents the highest power of the dark forces of nature: a long winter night, when everything seems dead and frozen. And from the depths of the longest night comes the new Sun. Since then, the light intensity increases and the days slowly begin to become longer. Winter Solstice opens the birth of a new solar year. The sun seems to be back with his annual trip to the South and begins its slow movement toward the northern latitudes. Sunrise on Dec. 21 was similar to the first sunrise and the beginning of the New Year celebration was actually the beginning of time.
Knowing these facts, we consider why the Winter Solstice in 2012 is so important. In the Mayan calendar, the day ends with 5200-year cycle. The same day a rare astronomical event will occur, which happens every 26000 years. In 2012, during the Winter Solstice Sun will pass through the axis of the Galactic Center. For the Maya it - like the last strike at midnight on the eve of the New Year. In 2012, begin a new galactic year, the duration of 26,000 solar years. Galactic Clock will be at the zero point, and begin a new precession.
Why the Milky Way Galaxy is so important? One of the currently accepted hypothesis suggests that the Solar System zarodilas4 at the Center of the Milky Way galaxy. The diameter of the galaxy is 70,000 light years, about 400 billion stars are concentrated in its central part.
With the help of modern equipment provided data on the center of our galaxy, astronomers kotoryebolshinstvo interpreted as follows: in the Center of the Galaxy is a massive black dyra5. Here converge science and mythology. What is the Center of the Galaxy with the energy and spatial-temporal point of view, no one can tell. For the ancient Maya Milky Way galaxy appeared Great Cosmic Mother, who gave birth to all life. Central convexity of seemed to them the cosmic heart.
Within the central bulge ( «Central Bulge») there is something that looks like a dark corridor, known as "dark gap. Maya called it different names, most frequently used the term «movement during labor» ( «birthing pace»). Whole picture begins to emerge, is not it?
Given the importance of 2012 in the Mayan calendar, it was calculated that this year indicates the time when the sun at the winter solstice passes through the backdrop of the dark gap, «Galactic birth canal» in the central bulge. Sun as it is born anew from the Galactic Lon ...
Statement on the location of the solar system relative to the Galactic center may cause some caution, since the exact calculation of the intersection of the axes is very difficult, especially given the enormous distances. However, if you look at the starry sky above, for example, Simferopol 21/12/2012 at 11:11 am on Grinvichu6 (this time is passing by the Sun and the ecliptic, respectively, the winter solstice), it can be seen in the background of the contour of the Milky Way. Therefore, we can recognize that the idea of quality is only fair, unless, of course, the program will calculate the position of the stars, which we vospolzovalis7, does not make mistakes.
1 Precession opened by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus ca. 130 BC AP due to the fact that because of the differences from the spherical shape of the earth and because of the uneven distribution of mass within it, the axis of rotation describes a cone. Therefore the poles of the world are moving among the stars in a spiral around the poles of the ecliptic. At the same time shifting the whole grid of celestial coordinates. As such celestial coordinates, right ascension as the longitude and ecliptic, measured from the vernal equinox, the stellar catalogs coordinates relate to a certain age (eg: 1950.0 and 2000.0). In order to determine the exact position of the stars at the moment, introduce the relevant amendment. True rate of AP is (50.2564 + 0.0222 · T) arc seconds per year, where T - time in Julian centuries since 1900. In addition to the basic, solar-lunar P., P. exists on planets - the displacement of the vernal equinox at 0.13 "per year, due to forces acting on the Earth from the planets. The total value of solar-lunar P. and P. of the planets is called full P. In addition, please note that the precessional motion of Earth's rotation axis superimposed small fluctuations, called nutation.
2 At this time, astronomers believe the length of the precession equal to 25729 years (Platonov year). Astrologers believe that the cycle of precession is 25,920 years old. This one astrological era is 1 / 12 cycle and is 2160 years old.
3 Equinox - the intersection of the celestial equator, the Sun in its apparent one-year movement on the ecliptic. The point at which the sun crosses the equator when moving from southern to northern hemisphere, called the vernal equinox and the day on which it occurs (20/21 March) - day of spring R. The transition of the sun from the northern to the southern hemisphere corresponds to the autumnal equinox and the autumnal R. (22/23 September). The name "R." due to the fact that in the days of R. Sun 12 o'clock is on the horizon, and 12 hours - under it (the day is night). In astronomy, the vernal and autumnal R. designated, respectively, the astronomical icons Aries and Libra, as the vernal R. Sun enters the sign of Aries, and the autumnal AR - a sign of Libra. Those days are in the northern hemisphere, respectively, the astronomical beginning of spring and autumn, and in the southern hemisphere - autumn and spring.
4 About 5 billion years ago. The age of the galaxy - 12.5 billion years.
5 "Seeing a Star Orbit around the Supermassive Black Hole at the centre of the Milky Way "by Rainer Schodel et al., October 17, 2002.
6 Time taken from the U.S. Naval Observatory: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/EarthSeasons.html.
7 The calculation made program StarCalc v. 5.72.
Literature:- Maya Cosmos, Three Thousand Years On The Shaman's Path. David Feidel, Linda Schele, Joy Parker. William Morrow and Company, New York. 1993.
- Maya Cosmogenesis 2012. John Major Jenkins. Bear & Company, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1998.
- Beyond The Blue Horizon - Myths & Legends of the Sun, Moon, Stars, & Planets. Dr. EC Krupp. Oxford University Press, New York, 1991.
- Stairways to The Stars - Skywatching in Three Great Ancient Cultures. Anthony Aveni. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York. 1997